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What is Infertility? – Explained in Detail

What is Infertility – Infertility simply means that your reproductive system is preventing conception. Around 10-15% of couple suffers from this condition every year all over the United States. The couples who are trying to conceive and do not get success seven after a year mostly go for the treatment. Infertility is a common problem among women aged 15-44.

What is Infertility?

What is Infertility

According to the recent stats, only one-third of the cases are of women infertility.  And one-third of the cases is a forum for men, remaining one-third of the cases involve both men and women, or sometimes it is even hard to diagnose the problem. More than 20% of the cases remain untreated due to unknown causes.

Conception and Pregnancy Depend On A Number Of Factors

  1. 1 health sperm production by man.
  2. Healthy egg production by women.
  3. Clear fallopian tubes make it easy for sperm to reach the egg.
  4. Sperm capability to fertilize the egg.
  5. Proper implantation of the embryo in the uterus.
  6. Proper health care for sustaining embryo quality.

Infertility in Women

There are many different causes of infertility. The most common is an ovulation disorder. This problem is found in more than 25% of infertile women.

Other problem of infertility includes:

  • Problem with fallopian tube, the blocked tube can be a cause.
  • Blocking of the fallopian tube can be the case due to inflammatory disease or endometriosis.
  • A birth defect like Congenital anomaly, this is a condition that involves the structuring of the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids, the condition of frequent miscarriages.
  • Age also plays a major factor in infertility, women bodies start producing fewer eggs after the age of 35.

What is Infertility in Men?

There are multiple causes of infertility in men which includes:

  • Production no sperm cell at all, known as azoospermia.
  • Ability to produce only a few sperm cells known as oligospermia.
  • Before reading eggs sperm end up dying and are malformed.
  • Rare cause includes cystic fibrosisor a chromosomal abnormality is a genetic disorder.

When Is the Right Time to Get the Diagnosis Done?

Mostly both men and women should get the done after trying conception for a year and not getting any success. According to the American Society of Reproductive Medicine women under the age of 35 should get the test done after trying conceiving for a year and women above the age of 35 should get them done after trying to conceive for six months.

Some couples also get the test done before they plan a baby. This gives them the assurance that everything is fine or if there is some problem they can get an early solution to it.


There is a number of medical ways that can treat infertility in both men and women. You should stay in touch with your doctor and should get it treated as soon as possible.

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