The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 regulates Indian road travel and has 217 sections that cover a wide variety of driving licenses, automobile registration, and other rules and regulations. If you want to purchase a car or operate any vehicle on Indian roads, you should plan beforehand. You must be aware of the legal provisions regarding Driving License registration covered in the Act.
Legal provisions regarding driving license
The Motor Vehicles Act comprises 14 chapters and 217 parts that address all aspects of road transport law. As proud automobile owners, many of us are worried about getting the best value on a car insurance plan to ensure that our investment is protected. The majority of drivers are unaware of the legal requirements for obtaining, revocation, and suspension of a driving license.
Comprehensive list of laws and acts concerning driving licenses:
- Section 3: This section clarifies that operating a car without a valid driving license is a criminal violation punishable by law.
- Section 4: This section deals with the minimum age to applying driving license online for drivers:
- 16 years for two-wheelers under 50 cc.
- Vehicles for transportation: 20 years
- Section 5: This section deals with the law prohibiting car owners from allowing anyone without a driving license to use their vehicle. If their children own the vehicle and neither parent has a driving license, the parents will be prosecuted under the law.
- Section 19: It enumerates the numerous causes for your driving license being suspended:
- If you’re a criminal or a drug addict,
- If you are a frequent alcoholic,
- If you have utilized a car to commit an offense or if your driving poses a danger to others.
- Section 20: This section addresses the circumstance where a person’s driving license is revoked. He will be disqualified from holding a license if he has been convicted of a crime in which his vehicle was used to commit the crime or any other offense under the Motor Vehicle Act. Below we mention Situations in which a license is revoked:
- When a police officer tells you to halt, you don’t.
- refusing to give a police officer the information he or she has sought
- When a person is driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, they fail to report an accident to their insurance company.
- Driving an unregistered vehicle
- Dangerous driving and racing
- Not moving a victim of an accident in which his car is involved to the nearest hospital.
- Section 21: Suspension of a driving license is dealt with in this section. This law specifies that if a person has been convicted of hasty driving and then commits the same conduct again, their license will be suspended for six months or until the matter is resolved in court.
- Section 22: If a person is convicted of risky driving more than once, his or her driving license is revoked under this clause. The court may suspend the individual’s license if he is guilty of driving while intoxicated for the second time.
- Section 39: According to this section, no vehicle may be driven unless its registration information is displayed prominently. When this occurs, whether the owner is there or not, he is liable to undergo prosecution.
- Section 49: Under this clause, a person is required to alter the address as written on the registration certificate within 30 days following an address change.
- Section 50: According to this provision, a transfer of ownership of a vehicle must be reported to the appropriate authorities within 14 days if it occurs within the same state. An outstation transfer takes 45 days.
- Section 51: This provision says that before transferring ownership of a vehicle held under a hire buy, lease, or hypothecation arrangement, the individual to whom it is hypothecated must give written consent.
- Section 52: This clause says that an owner cannot make changes to a vehicle’s description that do not correspond to the information on the registration certificate. The consent of the regional transportation administration is necessary to make such changes.
- Section 53: According to this provision, the Regional Transport Officer can have a vehicle’s registration certificate canceled if it is unsuitable for driving on the road or is being utilized without necessary permissions.
- Section 93: Only licensed people are allowed to sell and distribute tickets for passenger cars, according to this clause.
- Section 115: If the time is shorter than a month, this provision says certain vehicles may be prohibited from running due to public interest, with no notification required.
- Section 119: In accordance with the provisions of this section, all vehicles must drive in accordance with the traffic signs and signals displayed and comply with the traffic regulations indicated by the traffic police.
- Section 121: According to the clause, every driver making a left or right turn shall announce his intention to do so that he might be penalized.
- Section 122: This provision specifies that if a vehicle parks in a public area in such a way that it obstructs movement or poses a hazard, it may be hauled away as an infraction.
- Section 123: This clause states that traveling on a vehicle’s footboard or bonnet is illegal, and the driver may refuse to move the car in such an event.
- Section 127: This section describes the circumstances under which a car may be towed, with the owner footing the cost of towing and any additional penalties, if applicable. A car that has been left unattended in a public area for more than 10 hours or in a no-parking zone may be towed. Unattended cars that provide a traffic hazard can be towed.
- Section 128: This clause says that having more than one pillion rider on a motorcycle or scooter is illegal.
- Section 129: This clause requires the wearing of a helmet when riding a two-wheeler, subject to government regulations.
- Section 130: A driver must provide his or her registration certificate, driving license, permit, or any other vehicle-related document when the Motor Vehicles Department requests it.
- Section 133: According to this clause, a vehicle owner whose car is engaged in an accident is required to provide all information about the driver of the vehicle as requested by the authorities.
- Section 136: This section covers all automobiles involved in road accidents that authorized Motor Vehicle Department officials have inspected.
- Section 140: This provision applies when a person is permanently disabled or dies as a result of a motor vehicle accident. In such circumstances, the vehicle owner will be required to pay the victim Rs. 50,000 in the event of death and Rs. 25,000 in the event of permanent impairment. Under this provision, both the owner and the insurance company are accountable.
- Section 146: It is a requirement under this clause that all cars on the road have a valid insurance certificate.
- Section 158: This provision stipulates that if a police officer in uniform requests it, a vehicle driver must show his insurance, registration, and driving license.
- Section 160: According to this clause, any information regarding a vehicle involved in an accident can be requested in order to file a compensation claim. After a police officer investigates the accident, the person is issued a claim (sufferer).
- Section 161: This section states that if a person dies as a result of a hit-and-run accident, the District Magistrate will pay Rs. 25,000 in compensation and Rs. 12,500 in compensation for grievous injury.
- Section 180: This law specifies that an owner who allows anyone who does not have a valid driving license to operate his car can be sentenced to 3 months in prison or fined Rs. 1,000, or both.
- Section 181: This provision specifies that anyone who drives a vehicle without a valid license faces a fine of Rs. 500 or a sentence of up to 3 months in prison, or both.
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